By Jon. For Online Currents
By Jon: First published in Online Currents 2004 – 19(2): 22-24
The basic function of an operating system (OS) is to allow a computer user to run programs. In order to do this the operating system must be able to: a) keep track of and modify the contents of the computer’s storage media; and b) start up automatically when the computer is turned on – i.e. ‘boot up’.
These two requirements mean that it is quite difficult – and can be dangerous – to have two or more operating systems installed on the same computer. Minor failures or idiosyncrasies by the operating system which has booted up and is currently in control may lead to catastrophic results when another operating system takes over. Nearly all users opt for single-OS systems, and – because the OS controls which programs are allowed to run – this in turn restricts them to a particular subset of programs. What we think of as ‘IBM-compatible software’ is in fact ‘DOS/Windows compatible software’; an IBM-compatible PC running a different OS has a completely different range of programs available to it.
by Jon Jermey. First published in Online Currents – Vol.16 Issue 9, November 2001
XML is a language related to HTML that allows material to be marked up semantically rather than for its desired appearance or role in a document. XML provides an open standard for compiling and accessing diverse data collections on a world-wide basis. Explicit specifications can be provided to control and validate XML data structures. XML also includes tools for converting between different sets of specifications.